“Information needs changing over time”: a critical discussion
AbstractFor the past twenty years phrases such as stable information needs, unstable information needs or information needs changing over time are found in many contributions to information science. At first view these concepts seem to be easy and clearly understandable. However, after some considerations different questions arise: For which types of information need do we see that these needs are changing over time for all types, or only for certain types? How do information needs relate to changes in the world, or to changes in the human understanding of the world? We will show that information need changing over time is a very complex concept and only understandable if we distinguish between changes in the world, situation/context, user, types of information need and interpretation of data. Clarity of writing is essential in scientific writing and authors using the concept information needs changing over time or similar phrases should clearly define what they mean by the phrases to ensure that no ambiguity exists when readers interpret their writings.
Aspray, W. 2011. One hundred years of car buying. In: Aspray, W and Hayes, BM (Eds.). 2011. Everyday Information: The Evolution of Information Seeking in America. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press: 9-70.
Belkin, NJ and Croft, WB. 1992. Information filtering and information retrieval: Two sides of the same coin? Communications f the ACM 35(12): 29-38.
Bergenholtz, H and Bothma, TJD. 2011. Needs adapted data presentation in e-information tools. Lexikos 21: 53-77.
Choi, S, Lehto, XY, Morrison, AM and Jang, S. 2012. Structure of Travel Planning Processes and Information Use Patterns. Journal of Travel Research 51(1): 26-40.
Chu, SK-W and Law, N. 2007. Development of information search expertise : Research students' knowledge of source types. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science 39(1): 27-40.
Decker, C, Garavalia, L, Chen, C, Buchanan, D, Nugent, K, Shipman, A and Spertus, J. 2007. Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients' Information Needs Over the Course of Treatment and Recovery. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing 22(6): 459-465.
Eames, S, Hoffmann, T, Worrall, L and Read, S. 2011. Delivery styles and formats for different stroke information topics: Patient and carer preferences. Patient Education and Counseling 84(2): e18-e23.
Frenkel, M, Ben-Arye, E and Cohen, L. 2010. Communication in Cancer Care: Discussing Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Integrative Cancer Therapies 9(2): 177-185.
Gansler, T, Kepner, J, Willacy, E, Soloe, C, Rupert, D, Jarblum, M, Driscoll, D, Orr, A, Fitzgerald, T and Esparza, A. 2010. Evolving Information Priorities of Hematologic Cancer Survivors, Caregivers, and Other Relatives. Journal of Cancer Education 25(3): 302-311.
Gustafsson, L, Hodge, A, Robinson, M, McKenna, K and Bower, K. 2010. Information provision to clients with stroke and their carers: Self-reported practices of occupational therapists. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal 57: 190-196. [Online]. Available DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1630.2008.00765.x. . [Accessed 5 June 2012].
Halkett, GKB, Kristjanson, LJ, Lobb, E, Little, J, Shaw, T, Taylor, M and Spry, N. 2012 Information needs and preferences of women as they proceed through radiotherapy for breast cancer. Patient Education and Counseling 86(3): 396-404.
Ingwersen, P. 1996. Cognitive perspectives of information retrieval interaction: Elements of a cognitive IR theory. Journal of Documentation 52(1): 3-50.
Kagawa-Singer, M, Dadia, AV, Yu, MC and Surbone, A. 2010. Cancer, Culture, and Health Disparities: Time to Chart a New Course? CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians 60(1): 12-39.
Kerr, J, Hilari, K and Litosseliti, L. 2010 Information needs after stroke: What to include and how to structure it on a website. A qualitative study using focus groups and card sorting. Aphasiology 24(10): 1170-1196.
Mateson, M. 2011. The Research Habits of Graduate Students and Faculty: Is There a Need for Reference Sources? In S. Polanka (Ed). 2011. E-Reference Context and Discoverability in Libraries: Issues and Concepts. Hershey: IGI Global: 46-60.
Ruan, L and Sung, JS. 2003. Meeting Changing Information Needs of Illinois Firefighters. The Reference Librarian 39(82): 69-105.
Schapira, L and Steensma, DP. 2012. Truth telling and palliative care. In RJ Moore (Ed.). 2012. Handbook of Pain and Palliative Care. Biobehavioral approaches for the Life Course. 2012. Dordrecht: Springer: 35-42.
Tarp, Sven (2008): The Third Leg of Two-legged Lexicography. Hermes - Journal of Language and Communication Studies 44: 103-127.
Washington, KT, Meadows, SE, Elliott, SG and Koopman, RJ. 2011. Information needs of informal caregivers of older adults with chronic health conditions. Patient Education and Counseling 83: 37-44.
Wu, I-C, Liu, D-R and Chang, P-C. 2009. Learning Dynamic Information Needs: A Collaborative Topic Variation Inspection Approach. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 60(12): 2430-2451.
This journal is an open access journal, and the authors (copyright owners) should be properly acknowledged when works are cited. Authors retain publishing rights without any restrictions.
South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science is an Open Access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of Open Access.