Trends and patterns of medical and health research at Moi University, Kenya, between 2002 and 2014: an informetrics study

Daniel Chebutuk Rotich, Omwoyo Bosire Onyancha

Abstract


Research productivity and visibility are becoming increasingly important in the individual researcher’s pursuit to build his or her research reputation, be promoted to the next academic rank within an institution and gain national and international recognition among peers. This paper analyses the research trends and patterns of the academic staff of the College of Health Sciences (CHS) at Moi University in Kenya between 2002 and 2014 to gauge their research productivity and visibility. The names of the academic staff of the CHS who were in employment at the end of 2012 were listed and subjected to a visibility search on the Publish or Perish software that uses Google Scholar as its data source. The findings on output reveal the following: the trend of publication has shown an upward growth since 2007 and is projected to continue to grow as it approaches linearity, until 2025; the School of Medicine was the most prolific and visible; approximately one third of the publications in the CHS originated in the departments of epidemiology and medicine; full professors’ performance exceeded that of the other ranks; researchers at the CHS rely heavily on a locally-published journal (East African Medical Journal) to publish their research; slightly over two thirds of the publications were singly authored; international collaborations were prominently visible; and most medical and health research conducted at the CHS focused on western Kenya, where Moi University is located. For higher productivity and wider visibility of CHS research, the researchers recommend additional funding; publication of the research through a variety of avenues, including open access journals, and the dissemination of the publications through social media platforms; and strengthening of the international collaboration networks, among others. For purposes of further research, the authors propose a study that will investigate the medical and health research visibility and impact across several institutions in Kenya.


Keywords


Research; medical and health research; research collaboration; Moi University; Kenya

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aina, L.O. and Mabawonku, I. 1997. The literature of the information profession in Anglophone Africa: characteristics, trends and future. Journal of Information Science, 32(4): 321-326.

Aina, L.O. and Mooko N.P. 1999. Research and publication patterns in Library and Information Science. Information Development, 15(2): 114-119.

Alemna, A.A. 1996. The periodical literature of library and information in Africa: 1990-1995. International Information and Library Review, 28(2): 93-103.

Alemna, A.A. 2001. The periodical literature of library and information in Africa: 1996-2000. Information Development, 17(14): 257-261.

Alemna, A.A. and Badu, E. 1994. The nature and trends in research and journal literature in English speaking Africa. International Information & Library Review, 26(1): 19-30.

Altbach, P.G. 2014. What counts for academic productivity in research universities? University World News. 18 July. [Online]. http://www.universityworldnews.com/article.php?story=20140715105656393 (21 November 2016).

Commission for University Education. 2014. Harmonized criteria and guidelines for appointment and promotion of academic staff in universities in Kenya. [Online]. http://repository.cue.or.ke:8080/xmlui/bitstream/handle/123456789/68/appointment_promotion_criteria_universities_2014.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y (15 December 2016).

Diodato, V. 1994. Dictionary of Bibliometrics. New York: Haworth.

Garfield, E. 1996. Citation indexes for retrieval and research evaluation. Paper delivered at the Consensus Conference on the Theory and Practice of Research Assessment, Capri. 7 October 1996. [Online]. http://www.garfield.library.upenn.edu/papers/ciretreseval-capri2.pdf (7 January 2017).

Gauthier, E. 1998. Bibliometric analysis of scientific and technological research: a user’s guide to the methodology. [Online]. http://publications.gc.ca/Collection/Statcan/88F0006X/88F0006XIE1998008.pdf (6 November 2016).

Glazel, W. 2002. Co-authorship patterns and trends in the sciences (1980–1998): a bibliometric study with implications for database indexing and search strategies. Library Trends, 50(3): 461-473.

Glover, S.W. and Bowen, S.L. 2004. Bibliometric analysis of research published in tropical medicine and international health: 1996-2003. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 9(12): 1327-1330.

Harzing, A. 2011. The public or perish book: your guide to effective and responsible citation analysis. Melbourne: Tarma Software Research.

Hertzel, D. 1987. Bibliometrics, history of the development of ideas in: statistical bibliography or bibliometrics? In Encyclopaedia of Library and Information Science. V. 42. A. Kent, Ed. 144-219.

Ingwersen P. and Jacobs D. 2002. South African research in selected scientific areas: status 1981-2000. Scientometrics, 59(3): 405-423.

Jacobs, D. 2002. Scientometrics of genetic research and development in South Africa, 1990-2001. In Progress in Library and Information Science in Southern Africa: proceedings of the second biennial DISSAnet conference. T. Bothma and A. Kaniki, Eds. Glenstantia: Infuse. 93-103.

Kadiri, J. 2001. Library literature in Ghana: 1950-1995. African Journal of Library, Archives and Information Science, 11(2): 158-166.

Kenyatta, U.M. 2013. Speech by his Excellency, Uhuru Kenyatta, during the 2013 Jamhuri Day 50th Anniversary celebrations at Safaricom Stadium, Kasarani, Nairobi, on 12 December 2013. [Online]. https://www.scribd.com/document/191136965/President-Uhuru-Kenyatta-s-Speech-during-the-2013-Jamhuri-Day-50th-Anniversary-Celebrations-at-Safaricom-Stadium-Kasarani-Nairobi (21 November 2016).

Kirigia, J.M. and Barry, S.P. 2008. Health challenges in Africa and the way forward. International Archives of Medicine, 1(1): 27.

Lancaster, F.W. 1991. Bibliometric methods in assessing productivity and impact of research. Bangalore: Sarada Ranganathan Endowment for Library Science.

Lariviere, V. and Gingras, Y. 2010. The impact factor’s Matthew Effect: a natural experiment in bibliometrics. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 61(2): 424-427.

Laudel, G. 2001. What do we measure by co-authorships? Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics. 16-20 July 2001. Sydney, Australia. 469-476.

Lwoga, E.T. and Sife A. 2014. Publication productivity and scholarly impact of academic libraries in Tanzania: a scientometric analysis. New Library World, 115(11/12): 527-541. DOI:10.1108/NLW-04-2014-0038.

Mabawonku, I. 2001. Trends in Library and Information Science research in Africa: 1991-2000. African Journal of Library, Archives and Information Science, 11(2): 79–88

Moi University 2012. Academic staff appointment and promotion policy. Office of DVC Academic, Research and Extension. (Unpublished).

Moi University 2015. Academic staff appointment and promotion policy. Office of DVC Academic, Research and Extension. (Unpublished).

Narvaez-Berthelemont, N., Russell, JM., Arvanitis, R., Waast, R and Gailard, J. 2002. Science in Africa: an overview of mainstream scientific output. Scientometrics, 54(2): 229-241.

Ndege, G.O. 2005. Kenya: independence to the present. In Encyclopedia of African history. K. Shillington, Ed. New York: Fitzroy Dearborn. 755-760.

Nicholas, D. and Ritchie, M. 1978. Literature and bibliometrics. London: Clive Bingley.

Ocholla, D.N. 2000. Research capacity in Library and Information Science in South Africa – an overview. Paper delivered at the 66th IFLA Council and General Conference. 13-18 August 2000. Jerusalem, Israel. [Online]. http://www.ifla.org/IV/ifla66/papers/054-127e.htm (4 April 2017)

Ocholla, D.N. 2001. An informetric study of the publication pattern in Library and Information Science in South Africa: 1993-2001. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics. 16-20 July 2001, Sydney, Australia. 861-864.

Ocholla, D.N., Mostert, J. and Rotich D.C. 2016. Visibility of University of Zululand and Moi University researchers in Web of Science and Scopus from 2003 to 2013. African Journal of Libraries Archives & Information Science, 26(1): 3-15.

Ocholla, D.N. and Ocholla, L. 2007. Research in library and information science in South Africa: an analysis of journals research output from 1993-2006. South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science, 73(2): 109-118.

Ocholla, D.N, Ocholla, L. and Onyancha, O.B. 2013. Insight into research publication output of academic librarians in Southern African public universities from 2002–2011. African Journal of Libraries Archives & Information Science, 23(1): 5-22

Onyancha, O.B. 2007. LIS research in Africa: how much is it worth? A citation analysis of the literature, 1986-2006. South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science, 73(2): 95-108.

Onyancha, O.B. and Ocholla, D.N. 2009. Is HIV/AIDS in Africa distinct? What can we learn from an analysis of the literature? Scientometrics, 79(2): 277-296.

Pagel, P.S. and Hudetz, J.A. 2011. An analysis of scholarly productivity in United States academic anaesthesiologists by citation bibliometrics. Anaesthesia, 66: 873-878. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2044.2011.06860.x.

Poreau, B. 2015. Mapping South African public health research (1975-2014). South African Medical Journal, 105(1): 52-55.

Pouris, A. and Richter, L. 2000. Investigation into state-funded research journals in South Africa. South African Journal of Science, 96: 98-104.

Sitienei, G. and Ocholla, D.N. 2010. A comparison of the research and publication patterns and output of academic librarians in Eastern and Southern Africa from 1990-2006: a preliminary study. South African Journal of Libraries & Information Science, 76(1): 36-48.

Thomson Reuters. 2008. Using bibliometrics: a guide to evaluating research performance with citation data: white paper. [Online]. http://ip-science.thomsonreuters.com/m/pdfs/325133_thomson.pdf (7 January 2017).

Tijssen, R.J.W. 2007. Africa’s contribution to the worldwide research literature: new analytical perspectives, trends, and performance indicators. Scientometrics, 71(2): 303-327.

Wallace, D. P. 1989. Bibliometrics and citation analysis. In Principles and Applications of Information Science for Library Professionals. J.N. Olsgaard, Ed. Chicago: American Library Association. 10-26.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7553/82-2-1626

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




ISSN 2304-8263 (online); ISSN 0256-8861 (print)
Powered by OJS and hosted by Stellenbosch University Library and Information Service since 2012.

http://sajlis.journals.ac.za/public/site/images/scholar/reallogo_335

Disclaimer:

This journal is hosted by the SU LIS on request of the journal owner/editor. The SU LIS takes no responsibility for the content published within this journal, and disclaim all liability arising out of the use of or inability to use the information contained herein. We assume no responsibility, and shall not be liable for any breaches of agreement with other publishers/hosts.

SUNJournals Help



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.